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I tried lab4 but I was having issues so I watched Brian's solution walkthrough. The code compiles and all goes well but when I run the program it shows a segmentation fault.

debug50 shows a segfault on line 67:

p->alleles[1] = random_allele();

Any help is appreciated :)

Here's the code:

// Simulate genetic inheritance of blood type

#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>

// Each person has two parents and two alleles
typedef struct person
{
    struct person *parents[2];
    char alleles[2];
}
person;

const int GENERATIONS = 3;
const int INDENT_LENGTH = 4;

person *create_family(int generations);
void print_family(person *p, int generation);
void free_family(person *p);
char random_allele();

int main(void)
{
    // Seed random number generator
    srand(time(0));

    // Create a new family with three generations
    person *p = create_family(GENERATIONS);

    // Print family tree of blood types
    print_family(p, 0);

    // Free memory
    free_family(p);
}

// Create a new individual with `generations`
person *create_family(int generations)
{
    // TODO: Allocate memory for new person
    person *p = malloc(sizeof(person));

    // Generation with parent data
    if (generations > 1)
    {
        // TODO: Recursively create blood type histories for parents
        p->parents[0] = create_family(generations - 1);
       p->parents[0] = create_family(generations - 1);
    

        // TODO: Randomly assign child alleles based on parents
        p->alleles[0] = p->parents[0]->alleles[rand() % 2];
        p->alleles[1] = p->parents[1]->alleles[rand() % 2];
    }

    // Generation without parent data
    else
    {
        // TODO: Set parent pointers to NULL
        p->parents[0] = NULL;
        p->parents[1] = NULL;

        // TODO: Randomly assign alleles
        p->alleles[0] = random_allele();
        p->alleles[1] = random_allele();
    }

    // TODO: Return newly created person
    return p;
}

// Free `p` and all ancestors of `p`.
void free_family(person *p)
{
    // TODO: Handle base case
    if (p == NULL)
    {
        return;
    }

    // TODO: Free parents
    free_family(p->parents[0]);
    free_family(p->parents[1]);

    // TODO: Free child
    free(p);
}

// Print each family member and their alleles.
void print_family(person *p, int generation)
{
    // Handle base case
   if (p == NULL)
   {
        return;
    }

    // Print indentation
    for (int i = 0; i < generation * INDENT_LENGTH; i++)
    {
        printf(" ");
    }

    // Print person
    printf("Generation %i, blood type %c%c\n", generation, p->alleles[0], p->alleles[1]);
    print_family(p->parents[0], generation + 1);
    print_family(p->parents[1], generation + 1);
}

// Randomly chooses a blood type allele.
char random_allele()
{
    int r = rand() % 3;
    if (r == 0)
    {
        return 'A';
    }
    else if (r == 1)
    {
        return 'B';
    }
    else
    {
    return 'O';
    }
}
4

You don't actually assign to p->parents[1]

// TODO: Recursively create blood type histories for parents
p->parents[0] = create_family(generations - 1);
p->parents[0] = create_family(generations - 1); // Still parents[0], you meant [1]

You print parents[1] here

print_family(p->parents[1], generation + 1); // seg fault
1

FYI this is actually re: Lab 5 - Inheritance

1
  • oops! thanks for pointing it out :)
    – ehsansth
    Apr 12 at 15:05

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